Debating Modernity

Omar Sadr

Modernity is an unfinished project. This is argument is given by Jurgen Habermas. The three recent published books on modernity verify the Habermas position. Debate is still going on regarding different aspects of modernity. Today humanistic universalism has declined and cultural relativism has placed fore, thus the question “What modernity is?” is an open question. All three books challenge the given and mainstream understanding of modernity. Ali Ziadi focuses of Islamic and western perspective on Human Sciences and metaphysics and their position within modernity. Khalid Masud and et al collect articles on the different dimension of modernity and Islam from religious authority, gender, politics, law and identity. Samir Amin noticeable work on Eurocentrism challenges the Eurocentric and exclusive model of modernity. He shows how the transformation of the capitalist economic system transformed the European scholasticism and constructs the Eurocentric culture. Continue reading

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Lessons from South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission for Contemporary Post-War Societies

Omar Sadr

In transition from authoritarian society to a democratic or from a conflict phase to a peaceful phase, in past two decades, societies adopted different transitional measures. Human rights violations and atrocities which have been committed during the past phase should be addressed in order to have a peaceful society in future.  Reconciliation is one the methods of dealing with the past. South Africa installed the truth and reconciliation commission (1996-1998) in order the deal with the atrocities committed during apartheid regime form 1960 till 1993. The commission that received its mandate form ‘promotion of national unity and reconciliation act, 1994’ had three committees: the Human Rights Violations, the Reparations and Rehabilitation, and the Amnesty. (TRC, 2009; Wilson, 2000)

Whenever one is talking about the lessons from the South African truth and reconciliation commission for other post-conflict societies, it is necessary to have a broader perspective of reconciliation and dealing with the past. Answering the following questions would be the framework of such as task: Does reconciliation a proper way for dealing with the past? Does truth leads to reconciliation? and What could be position of justice in reconciliation? I this paper I interpret and analyze the issue in accordance with postmodern approach. Continue reading